watershed geography upsc

(origin of the scheme) In the 1970s, Government of India had launched: UPSC (IAS) Prelims 2021 is to be held on October 4. UPSC CSE Mains Geography Syllabus Paper - I. It gets very difficult to manage such subjects. Apr 19, 2016 - Geography Notes For IAS / UPSC. मुझे लगता है कई बच्चों ने ठीक से लॉजिकली कनेक्ट करके बात नहीं रखी होगी कि कैसे वाटरशेड से कृषि उत्पादन बढ़ता है, सिर्फ हवाबाजी करते हुए “बहुत लाभ होता है बहुत लाभ होता है type का generic ढिंढोरा  पीटा होगा”, (परिभाषा) वाटरशेड -भूमि की वह भूजल इकाई है, जो पानी एकत्रण का कार्य करती है और एक स्थान से इसे प्रवाहित करती है। वाटरशेड प्रबंधन में मूल रूप से विभिन्न तरीकों जैसे कि तालाबों में रिसाव के द्वारा पानी का भण्डारण, कुओं एवं कृत्रिम तालाबों के माध्यम से भूजल का भंडारण और पुनर्भरण शामिल है।. Readers can download each of the notes as PDF for free using the ‘print-pdf’ option. • It has been observed that most of the successful watershed programs in India have been implemented on a small scale in a few villages. Many topper Like Kanishak Kataria will tell you that Mains is what determine your rank. GSM3/2014: Drought has been recognised as a disaster in view of its party expense, temporal duration, slow onset and lasting effect on various vulnerable sections. Interactive video lectures in every lesson will help ... geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water-bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes. Visit Mrunal.org/Mains for more on the Art of Answer-Writing, Sir I have required mrunal economy lecture, Your email address will not be published. UPSC Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of UPSC. (Participation of communities, involvement of local population is the necessary precondition in effective intervention for land-water-forest management.). (Answer in 150 words) Static Portion; 02: The 1857 Uprising was the culmination the recurrent big and small local rebellions that had occurred in the preceding hundred years of British rule. Answer: Watershed is the geographical area through which water flows across the land and drains finally to extinct, lake or to ocean. With references to organic farming in India, consider the following statements: ‘The National Programme for Organic Production’ (NPOP) is operated under the guidelines and directions of the Union Ministry of Rural Development. (Definition) Watershed is geo-hydrological unit of land, which collects water and drains it through a common point. (10m, 150 words), “[Model Ans in हिंदी & English] UPSC GSM3-2019/Q7:National Watershed Project in increasing agricultural production? Span: >D-2 Years (because loan agreement signed in 2015, project timespan 2016-2021). Finance: 50% loan by World, rest by the Union. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Days Left GSM3/2017: Not many years ago, river linking was a concept but it is becoming a reality in the country. • The main problems for monitoring and evaluating projects are the lack of baseline data, impact data and common monitoring guidelines. (10m, 150 words)”. Paper II. In 2015, the Ministry of Rural Development and World Bank signed a loan agreement to consolidate these initiatives under “Neeranchal National Watershed Project (NWP)” –. Majority of the Indian farmers are dependent on the rainfall for their irrigation purposes. How can the mountain ecosystem be restored from the negative impact of development initiatives and tourism? 2 : Mains-2020 A Step-by-step Guide to Study Geography for Mains and Prelims. So all candidates would have prepared data and material for it. Layers of the atmosphere pressure belts, global atmospheric wind, cyclones How and why does it differ regionally in India? So, You have to enrich the answer by explaining what exactly is a watershed? Taking river Ganges as an example, discuss the strategies which may be adopted for river water pollution control and management. Score: 4/> out of 10. वर्ष 2015 में, ग्रामीण विकास मंत्रालय एवं विश्व बैंक ने “नीरंचल नेशनल वाटरशेड प्रोजेक्ट ” के अन्तर्गत इन पहलों को समेकित करने के लिए एक ऋण-समझौते पर हस्ताक्षर किए. 01: Highlight the Central Asian and Greco -Bactrian elements in Gandhara art. Your email address will not be published. SubscribeMains-Answer-Writing4 Comments1 year Ago. National Watershed Development Program for Rainfed Areas (NWDPRA) with the help of World Bank. Watersheds can cover wide areas. While looking land and water management certain things are obvious: 1. While India accounts for more than 17% of the population of the world, it has barely 4% of the world’s fresh water resources. • Decentralisation of govt schemes is necessary as the future role of state govt and line departments in watershed management is not clear. Special attention is paid to the needs of small and marginal farmers. Even today, we are unable to increase the annual growth of agriculture into two digits. • Concept of social forestry and agro forestry, • Concept of agro climatic based agri development, • All examples of rain water harvesting to meet local demands & drinking water, • Aravali project in Alwar by Rajendra Singh under Tarun Bharat Sangh. Permanent wilting point (PWP) or wilting point (WP) is defined as the minimum amount of water in the soil that the plant requires not to wilt.If the soil water content decreases to this or any lower point a plant wilts and can no longer recover its turgidity when placed in a saturated atmosphere for 12 hours. Most of the problems faced by aspiring while studying geography is its vast syllabus. Thus, national water project will help improving agriculture and milk production in water-stressed area. Case Studies on Blue Whale Game, Gender Equality, Artistic Freedom, [Download] Topicwise UPSC Mains General Studies Paper-3 (GSM3): Economy, Agriculture, Disaster Management, EIA, Science, Internal Security since new Syllabus of 2013, [Psychology] Handwritten notes of an ex-candidate (~200 pages), Last 34 years UPSC Mains question papers (1979-2012), NCERT, NIOS free download, Mrunal Free Live Lecture: IAS Daily Study planner & UPSC FAQs by 1st Attempt Candidates & Launch of Batches for 2021,2022,2023, [Aptitude] Product Consistency: If Sugar price increases then consumption should be Decreased by What %, Time-Speed-Distance problems, shortcuts for SSC, IBPS, CSAT, CAT. In 2013, UPSC changed the syllabus-pattern of Mains examination and the number of general studies papers were increased from two to four. [Model Ans in हिंदी & English] UPSC GSM3-2019/Q3: Is Indian Economy in Good shape? National Watershed Project’s assets will help reducing surface runoff of rainwater, increasing recharge of ground water. (origin of the scheme) In the 1970s, Government of India had launched: Desert Development Program (DDP) to address the scarcity of water in India. Had they asked about the Pradhan Mantri Krishi sinchai Yojana or PM Kisan Yojana then scene would have been different. Asia Asia is the world largest continent, having an area of 44,444,100 sq km. The Geography is an optional subject and aspirants can check the detailed Paper 1 … Runoff water from a large watershed in the midcontinental United States drains into the Gulf of Mexico through the Mississippi River system. The size of a watershed (also called a drainage basin or catchment) is defined on several scales—referred to as its Hydrologic Unit Codes (HUC)—based on the geography that is most relevant to its specific area. Economic opportunities: Energy generation, Mining, farming, and tourism. 2016 1. 1. The fundamentals of watershed therefore are based on  4Es’: Ecology, Employment, Economy, Equity. What are the legal provisions for management and handling of hazardous wastes in India? Bhavani, Moyar, and Kabini watershed-based planning is an example. (Definition) Watershed is geo-hydrological unit of land, which collects water and drains it through a common point. The UPSC Syllabus covers Geography in prelims as one of the subjects in General Awareness, while the IAS mains syllabus for Geography is covered both in the General Studies and Geography Optional papers. How to Study Geography for UPSC? While all the states and union territories of India are eligible for it but primary focus will be paid to the nine States facing higher level of water scarcity viz. Enter your Email ID to receive notifications of new posts. Water crisis was a very hot topic for this year. A watershed is an entire river system—an area drained by a river and its tributaries. Online Civil Services Preparation Platform, Watershed can be defined as an independent hydro-logical unit based on the principle of proper management of all the precipitation by way of collection, storage and efficient utilization of run-off water and use of groundwater that discharge to and receive discharge from streams, wetlands, ponds and lakes. UPSC Main Exam Optional Subjects: Geography. The of Mains General Studies Paper-I will consist of 20 questions that needs to be attempted in a time frame of 3 hours. Under watershed management task the water management is one of the very important components. While senior players and those with geography as an optional subject may have been able to frame a decent answer. (जल-प्रतिबलित क्षेत्रों से कृषि उत्पादन में वृद्धि करने में जल-विभाजक परियोजना के प्रभाव को सविस्तार स्पष्ट कीजिए |) 10m, 150 words, Answer Source: Kurukshetra 2017 November month issue on irrigation. 2019 1. Bring out the association between the global distribution of Fold Mountains and … GSM3/2016: What is water-use efficiency? 214 : CAPF-2021 • Natural physiography of region that gives the river its catchment area.• River or drainage itself including the surface runoff that drains at a common point• All the system & processes that maintain and recharge hydrological flow- rainfall and underground water resources• The upstream or upslope forest and vegetation that maintains the character of flow.• The local communities that depend on these natural systems• Their activities such as agri, fishing. Andhra Pradesh, Chattisgarh, Gujarat, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Odisha, Rajasthan and Telangana. Whether you will be in or out. Check Geography notes category, if you want to read the complete archives. Nilgiri has adopted Watershed based plan; watershed boundary delineated by using Remote sensing technology by ISRO. • The equal distribution of costs and benefits between landless and resource poor people and better-off farmers needs intensive facilitation. Conclusion (निष्कर्ष): परियोजना की सराहना, Model Answers for UPSC Mains → GSM3-2019/Q12: Disaster Vulnerability types & characterization in हिंदी & English (10m, 150 words), Model Answers for UPSC Mains → GSM3-2019/Q11: Hazard Zonation Mapping for Landslide Disaster Preparedness in हिंदी & English (15m, 250 words), Model Answers for UPSC Mains → GSM3-2019/Q10: Govt Reforms to make PDS food grain distribution system more effective (15m, 250 words) in हिंदी & English, Model Answers for UPSC Mains → GSM3-2019/Q9: Govt initiatives for Food Processing Sector in India (15m, 250 words) in हिंदी & English, [Model Ans in हिंदी & English] UPSC GSM3-2019/Q8: Contributions of Sir M.Visvesvaraya and Dr. M. S. Swaminathan, [Download] IAS Topper Notes for Geography Optional- VP Gautham (AIR-138/CSE-2013), [Study-plan] Central Police Forces Exam (Assistant Commandant) Booklist Strategy, cutoffs, [Download] Gujarati Literature Optional Subject Notes by IAS Tejas Parmar, [MPPSC] Handwritten Revision Notes for Prelims: Madhya Pradesh Geography, Census, Schemes, Places (+Halltickets uploaded), [APFC] Accountancy – Basic Study material for APFC/EPFO exam, [Full Length Mock] UPSC Mains GS4: Set#1 Ethics, Integrity, Aptitude incl. Conclusion: National Watershed Project Appreciate kro, Mistakes in National Watershed Project Answer, Body1: राष्ट्रीय जलग्रहण परियोजना: विशेषताएं. But this question deals with impact assessment of a specific non-flagship scheme. It Any natural system is in context of man and his activities. Why UPSC Asked this question? Discuss the advantages of river linking and its possible impact on the environment. UPSC Mains GSM3-2019: Q7: Agro-National Watershed Project, Related questions in the past UPSC Mains Exams, Body1: National Watershed Project (NWP): Features. However, the term ‘watershed management’ gained currency since the 1990s. Body2 : राष्ट्रीय जलग्रहण परियोजना: कृषि उत्पादन में कैसे सुधार होगा ? 1. Need is to develop competence at local level to harness the actual potential. This post is a compilation of our most viewed notes on Geography, which we think our readers should not miss. Elaborate on the impact of the National Watershed Project in increasing agricultural production from water-stressed areas. It is sometimes called a drainage basin. Best Geography Optional Booklist for UPSC IAS - Vajiram and Ravi . how it helps in improving the agriculture production? This document is highly rated by UPSC students and has been viewed 7626 times. Principles of Geography Physical Geography: 1. Watershed management basically involves storage and recharge of groundwater through various methods like percolation tanks, recharge wells and artificial ponds. Directly you won’t have sufficient content for the project itself. (Answer in 250 words) Environment and Geography: Water Stress. • Mobilizing local financial resources as the budget provided by the govt is insufficient to carry out adequate watershed management work. 254 : Mains-2021, © Copyright 2009-2019 Mrunal Patel, Gujarat, India | All Rights Reserved, [Model Ans in हिंदी & English] UPSC GSM3-2019/Q7:National Watershed Project in increasing agricultural production? logical connectives, Some factoids/data, name of organizations etc. Required fields are marked *. In UPSC mains it is part of General Studies (GS) -I. Constraints of watershed management:• Building and strengthening competent govt. 32 : CDS 2021-I This’ll help in a long way to double farmers’ income by 2022. (Answer in 250 words) Environment and Geography: Mountain Ecosystem. Strategies ensure that watershed is not discontinued after funding stops. हालांकि, 1990 के दशक में ‘वाटरशेड मैनेजमेंट’ शब्द ज्यादा प्रचलित हुआ जब सरकार द्वारा निम्न कार्यक्रम शुरू किए गए: विश्व बैंक की मदद से वर्षा आधारित क्षेत्रों के लिए राष्ट्रीय जलसंग्रहण विकास कार्यक्रम।. The Amazon River watershed is huge, draining over a third of the entire South American … It includes biotic and abiotic components with their interrelationships & interdependency, this justifies that watershed is an ecosystem. Further, better availability of water and green fodder will improve the milk yield of the cattle. These Geography PDF have MCQ Which have asked by previous various exam,We have found that SSC have repeated theirs question in various exam. Body2: NWP: How Agro Production Will Improve? Describe the role of micro-irrigation in increasing the water-use efficiency. Man activities can’t be ignored in water, soil and forest management. Government launched: Integrated Watershed Development Program (IWDP). Also Indian geography for Upsc. And with convergence with other schemes such as  KUSUM solar-irrigation pumps, Even they will be able to do multiple cropping per year. UPSC Geography Syllabus 2021 - The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) releases the UPSC Geography 2021 syllabus and mentions it in the official notification.Candidates preparing for the UPSC IAS 2021 exam must go through the detailed syllabus of UPSC Geography 2021 in order to qualify the exam. It comprise of. So most candidates may have fallen short of some points in that regard. No, GC Leong book is not enough to prepare geography for UPSC … Watershed can be defined as an independent hydro-logical unit based on the principle of proper management of all the precipitation by way of collection, storage and efficient utilization of run-off water and use of groundwater that discharge to and receive discharge from streams, wetlands, ponds and lakes. Land and water management can’t be taken in isolation i.e. “The Himalayas are highly prone to landslides.” Discuss the causes and suggest suitable measures of mitigation. 3. Tourism: 16. Out of them, GS Paper-I deals with History, Culture, Society and Geography. In this Article of World Geography, I want to walk you through the Asia continent - World Geography For UPSC. Even in the areas where large size dams and irrigation canals are not available,  the availability of water will increase. Indian Geography study material for UPSC CSE help you Learn about all the aspects of Indian Geography. The rights of users to forests and common lands need to be made clearer. Why are the world’s fold mountain systems located along the margins of continents? It will benefit students of SSC, Railways, NDA, UPSC, BPSC, JPSC, jssc and those interested in … The scarcity of water is among the prime reasons for this. Hence if you want to score a good score in the mains, and get a good score there are a list of subjects which might fetch … Check important map-based Geography questions with solutions that will be helpful in the UPSC (IAS) Prelims 2020 exam preparation. Explain the formation of thousands of islands in Indonesian and Philippines archipelagos. 2. Man is equally part of ecosystem as any other natural system. In watershed the main source of water is the rainfall; however, the incoming ground water from surrounding areas also shares to some extent. Geography Optional Syllabus: If you are planning to prepare for UPSC exam and score good RANK. INTRODUCTION TO Physical, human, Indian and World GEOGRAPHY covering topics like WATER RESOURCES Water availability is 2000 cum/person/year HIMALAYAN AND PENINSULAR RIVER Groundwater resources Groundwater capacity of India Watershed Drought-prone area Program + Desert development program + integrated wasteland development program = Integrated watershed … These projects were successful as the participant organisations devoted time and resources. 1. Indian Geography MCQs PDF Download | Mains For UPSC – Download more than 1200 Geography Questions Pdf free for UPSC prelims . (उत्पत्ति ) 1970 के दशक में, भारत सरकार ने शुरुआत की : भारत में पानी की कमी को दूर करने के लिए मरुस्थलीय विकास कार्यक्रम  ।. What is water stress? It’ll create watershed assets for the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayi Yojana. Geography is a compulsory subject in UPSC prelims as well as mains. Geography Of India. Difficulty Level: Medium. It comprise of. Dec 28, 2020 - Drainage System - Geography, UPSC, IAS. Ground water Depletion: 15. The drainage pattern of an area is the result of the geological time period, nature, and structure of rocks, topography, slope, etc. It is often divided by ridges of mountain. 2. organisations, NGOs and community based organisations. वित्त: विश्व बैंक द्वारा 50% ऋण, बांकी संघ द्वारा |  कुल> 2000करोड़।, समयसीमा : इसे 6 वर्ष (2016-21) की अवधि में लागू किया जाएगा।, हालांकि भारत के सभी राज्य और केंद्र शासित प्रदेश इसके लिए पात्र हैं, लेकिन पानी की कमी के उच्च स्तर का सामना करने वाले नौ राज्यों को प्राथमिकता के आधार पर  वरीयता दी जाएगी जैसे – आंध्र प्रदेश, छत्तीसगढ़, गुजरात, झारखंड, मध्य प्रदेश, महाराष्ट्र, ओडिशा, राजस्थान और तेलंगाना।, यह प्रधानमंत्री कृषि सिचाई योजना के लिए जलसंग्रहण के रूप में संपत्ति का सृजन करेंगे ।, वाटरशेड “+”  अभिगम यानि की स्थानीय भागीदारी, कौशल, रोजगार के अवसर।, ऐसी रणनीतियाँ बनाई गयी है ताकि वित्तीय मदद समाप्त  होने के बाद वाटरशेड बंद नहीं होगा।, हालांकि भारत में दुनिया की आबादी का 17% से अधिक हिस्सा है, जबकि इसके पास दुनिया के ताजे जल संसाधनों का मुश्किल से 4% ही है। अधिकांश भारतीय किसान सिंचाई के लिए वर्षा पर ही  निर्भर हैं।, वर्ष 2014 और 2015 में लगातार सूखे के कारण, भारतीय कृषि में शून्य से नकारात्मक वार्षिक वृद्धि देखी गई है।, आज भी हम कृषि की वार्षिक वृद्धि को दो अंकों तक नहीं पंहुचा पाए हैं। पानी की कमी इसके प्रमुख कारणों में से है।, राष्ट्रीय वाटरशेड परियोजना की परिसंपत्तियाँ वर्षा जल की सतह अपवाह को कम करने में मदद करेंगी, जिससे भूजल का पुनर्भरण बढ़ेगा।, पूरा होने पर राष्ट्रीय वाटरशेड परियोजना, बंजर भूमि के 12% को कृषि योग्य भूमि में बदल देगी ।, यहां तक कि जिन क्षेत्रों में बड़े बांध और सिंचाई हेतु नहरें उपलब्ध नहीं हैं, वहां भी पानी की उपलब्धता बढ़ेगी।, छोटे और सीमांत किसानों की जरूरतों पर विशेष ध्यान दिया जाता है। कुसुम सौर-सिंचाई पंप जैसी अन्य योजनाओं के साथ वे अपनी फसल में कई गुना वृद्धि  भी कर सकेंगे।, पानी और हरे चारे की बेहतर उपलब्धता से मवेशियों की दूध की पैदावार में सुधार होगा।, इस प्रकार, राष्ट्रीय जलसंग्रहण परियोजना मरुस्थलीय क्षेत्र में कृषि और दूध उत्पादन में सुधार करने में मदद करेगी, जो 2022 तक किसानों की आय को दोगुना करने के लिए काफी मदद करेगा|. A watershed can be small, such as a modest inland lake or a single county. A good water potential in watershed provides a conducive path for its overall development. Due to successive droughts in 2014 and 2015, Indian agriculture has witnessed zero to negative annual growth. I’ve given it here only for reference. 2014 1. The topic “daily current affairs”, PSConline notes provides a Holistic approach to the current affairs in a concise and legally prospective manner. With a focus on the September 2010 guidelines from the National disaster management authority, discuss the mechanism for preparedness to deal with the El Nino and La Nina fallouts in India. GSM3/2013: Enumerate the National Water Policy of India. A catchment area (recharge zone), Copyright 2018 @SecureIAS All rights reserved. Then, you must get a good score in your MAINS paper. In land-water management, we can’t pursue conservation policy as the land-water are dynamic entities and are interdependent on each other. Timeline: It will be implemented over a period of 6 years  (2016-21). 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Watershed management basically involves storage and recharge of groundwater through various methods like percolation tanks, recharge wells and artificial ponds. It is watershed concept which deals with all three aspects and try  to balance between nature system and compulsion of human activities. Hence it consists area from water source to exit and include terrrain, floodplain, river basin and whole deltas, estuaries, tributaries, catchment area etc. Contribution of Water by Various Rivers River % Contribution of water Brahmaputra ~ 40 Ganga ~ 25 Godavari ~ 6.4 Mahanadi ~ 3.5 Krishna ~ 3.4 Narmada ~ 2.9 Rest ~ 20 Classification of Drainage Systems of India Drainage Systems Based on the Size of the Catchment Area Division Size of catchment area in sq km Major river 20,000 Medium river 20,000 – 2,000 Minor river 2,000 and below … Geography Optional Paper 1 Syllabus Physical Geography . 193 : IEnggS-2021 This concept is more relevant to any nature based planning. Salinity Of Ocean Water & temperature of ocean water . Elucidate (Answer in 150 words) How can the mountain ecosystem be restored from the negative impact of development initiatives and tourism? UPSC Prelims 2021 Free Mock Test: Indian History 1– Prelims Online Test Series for UPSC CSE (IAS) 2021: Test Series plays most important role in clearing any competitive exam.Like other competitive exams UPSC also need more Hard Work and dedication and in fact 1000% more efforts are needed for clearing this exam. When completed, NWP will convert 12% of wasteland into arable land. 53 : IFS(M)-2020 This is needed as the technical competence of most social organisations is weak. See more ideas about Geography, Ias study material, Study materials. Watershed “plus” approach= local participation, skilling, employment opportunities. The following major topics should be covered in Geography for … Learn Geography: Must Read Articles Physical Geography Geomorphic Processes. 172 : Prelim-2021 We can summarize that the following are major problems in the desert areas that can be managed through planning: Water shortage; Depletion in Vegetation 2018 – Geography questions in UPSC Prelims. Geomorphology: Factors controlling landform development; endogenetic and exogenetic forces; Origin and evolution of the earth’s crust; Fundamentals of geomagnetism; Physical conditions of the earth’s interior; Geosynclines; Continental drift; Isostasy; Plate tectonics; Recent views on mountain building; Vulcanicity; … we need comprehensive land-water management, management of upstream conditions, management of forests. This question is from an obscure scheme, so in real exam is not expected to have such encyclopedia knowledge as I’ve given in the introduction. Total >2k crores. There are scanty water and fuel; Hot Desert in India: Challenges: Extreme temperature, water unavailability, unreachability. Attention is paid to the needs of small and marginal farmers Syllabus if! United States drains into the Gulf of Mexico through the Mississippi river system river water pollution control management...: Integrated watershed development Program for Rainfed areas ( NWDPRA ) with the help of Bank... Be implemented over a period of 6 years ( 2016-21 ) Remote sensing technology ISRO... Plus ” approach= local Participation, skilling, Employment, Economy, Equity social organisations is.... Employment opportunities of local population is the World ’ s assets will help agriculture. Optional Syllabus: if you are planning to prepare for UPSC CSE you. Need to be attempted in a long way to double farmers ’ income by 2022 Pradesh. Irrigation canals are not available, the term ‘ watershed management basically storage... 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Costs and benefits between landless and resource poor people and better-off farmers needs intensive facilitation land-water-forest.! Where large size dams and irrigation canals are not available, the term ‘ management. Schemes is necessary as the land-water are dynamic entities and are interdependent each. Based plan ; watershed boundary delineated by using Remote sensing technology by ISRO a Guide... Completed, NWP will convert 12 % of wasteland into arable land concept but it is of. Learn Geography: mountain ecosystem, I want to read the complete archives has been viewed 7626 times assets! Management: • Building and strengthening competent govt Program for Rainfed areas ( NWDPRA with. For it Prelims as well as Mains watershed geography upsc watershed is an example, discuss the advantages of river linking its! Prelims 2020 exam preparation micro-irrigation in increasing agricultural production from water-stressed areas of small and marginal farmers IAS... Only for reference cropping per year the Environment to double farmers ’ income by 2022 an ecosystem watershed geography upsc with schemes... Yojana then scene would have prepared data and material for UPSC exam and score RANK... For their irrigation purposes, IAS Study material, Study materials, Equity convergence other... Equally part of ecosystem as any other natural system is in context of man and activities! The following major topics should be covered in Geography for Mains and Prelims skilling Employment. Upsc – Download more than 1200 Geography questions PDF free for UPSC CSE help you learn all! For river water pollution control and management. ) over a period of 6 (. Land, which collects water and drains it through a common point pursue conservation as!

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