longhua temple facts

The Longhua Temple (traditional Chinese: 龍華寺; simplified Chinese: 龙华寺; pinyin: Lónghúa Sì, Shanghainese: Lon-ngu-zy, alternatively Lunghwa Temple; literally "Luster of the Dragon Temple") is a Buddhist temple dedicated to the Maitreya Buddha in Shanghai. Shanghai Longhua Temple introduces the main attractions, Reviews, entrance tickets booking, The best time to visit, How to Get there, the highlights, facts, history, photos,weather, accommodation, visiting routes, travel tips, tour maps of The Longhua Temple. The tallest structure is the Longhua Pagoda which stands 40.4 meters (132 ft 7 in) high. And what dates and times do celebrations happen? The temple was destroyed by war towards the end of the Tang dynasty (618–907) and rebuilt in 977 AD, under the autonomous Kingdom of Wuyue during the Northern Song dynasty period (960–1127). Around the front portion are arranged the twenty Guardians of Buddhist Law, and around the back the sixteen principal arhats. This historic temple is a famous tourist attraction for it's spectacular architecture and it's many features. Longhua Pagoda (龍華塔), part of the Longhua temple complex, is said to have been one of them. However, whereas the core of the present Longhua Pagoda survives from that period, most buildings in the temple proper were rebuilt during the reigns of the Tongzhi Emperor (1862–1874) and the Guangxu Emperor (1875–1908) in the Qing dynasty (1644–1911). It is dedicated to Maitreya Buddha, the future incarnation of Buddha. Because of the several destructions by the wars, most of the buildings here were reconstructed during the reign of the Emperor Tongzhi and Guangxu in the Qing Dynasty. It is the oldest and largest temple in Shanghai. Longshan Temple is one of largest and oldest temples in Taiwan. Surrounding the temple is an extensive garden, which contains beautiful peach blossoms that bloom every March. (According to another version of the story, as contained in Song (960–1279) and Yuan dynasty (1271–1368) local histories, the temple was first built by the King of Wuyue.) It’s sacred. Besides its long history, Longhua Temple is the largest temple in Shanghai. The pagoda has been rebuilt several times, but the style of the Song Dynasty still remains to today.In late spring, when the peaches in Longhua Park are in full blossom and the temple fair (on the 3rd March, lunar calendar) is under way, large numbers of visitors and pilgrims will come and the Longhua Temple will become a place of great hustle and bustle. The hall also features an ancient bell cast in 1586, during the Wanli era of the Ming dynasty. Built in the Three Kingdoms Period, the Longhua Temple complex is also home to the Longhua Pagoda. Chinese New Year 2015 in Shanghai Longhua Temple, Is this the best place to see traditional celebrations in Shangai, such as dragon dances? According to a legend, Sun Quan, King of the Kingdom of Wu (222–280), had obtained Sharira relics, which are cremated remains of the Buddha. The Four Heavenly Kings Hall housing statues of the Four Heavenly Kings. Its street address is No. 2853, Longhua Road, Xuhui District, Area: more than 20,000 square meters (215,000 sq ft), Highlights: Longhua Pagoda, New Year Bell-Striking Ceremony, Longhua Temple Fair, Peach Blossom. Because of its age, the pagoda is fragile and is not open to the public.[1]. Well, I think both of them are worth to go. Dating back more than 1,700 years, this shrine is reportedly from… To house these precious relics, the king ordered the construction of 13 pagodas. During the Second Sino-Japanese War, the Japanese operated their largest civilian internment camp in the area, where American, British, as well as nationals of other allied countries were held under poor conditions. ixigo is a travel search & planning app that aggregates quality travel information, trustworthy traveller reviews and compares lowest prices to help you plan perfect trips! Then you can see Longhua Temple on the Longhua Old Street at the east side of the road.2. The axis is 194 meters or 637 feet long. Each storey is smaller than the storey below, and all the levels are encircled by balconies and banisters. The Longhua Temple is a Buddhist Temple dedicated to the Maitreya Buddha in Shanghai, China. 4.9km China Art Museum 中华艺术宫 Museum in Shanghai. It starts from 23:30. The Longhua Temple Fair started during the Ming dynasty, which has been held annually with the Cultural Revolution and the SARS outbreak being its only interruption. It is thought to have been first built during the Three Kingdoms Period, but the existing tower structure was built during the Northern Song dynasty. Evaluate your knowledge of Shanghai's Longhua Temple with this helpful quiz and worksheet combination. Landmarks nearby Longhua Temple. So you can just choose one nearer from your location. This is a virtual interchange. [citation needed], J.G. Located on the Longhua Road in Xuhui District, Longhua Park is famous for the ancient Longhua Temple, Longhua Pagoda, the Evening Bell-Striking Ceremony and the peach blossoms.First built in 242 AD, which is during the period of the Three Kingdoms, Longhua Temple is the oldest temple in Shanghai for its long history of over 1,700 years. Yes, this temple is the best place to appreciate traditional celebrations and activities in this city. 1. Opposite the temple entrance rises the seven-storey, 44m-high Longhua Pagoda, originally built in AD 977. Since 1991, the activity of hitting the Longhua bell on the 31st of December for the good luck for the New Year has been held. Being one of the largest temples in the city, the Longhua temple is also one of the largest and best … Also situated off the main axis is a shrine to Ksitigarbha (Dizang the King Bodhisattva). The Buddhist Texts Library houses various versions of sutras and other Buddhist works, as well as ceremonial instruments, antiques, and artifacts. 2853, Longhua Road, Xuhui District, Longhua Temple was said to be originally built in 242. The temple and monastery were originally surrounded by extensive gardens and orchards. Welcoming the New Year in the melodious, heavenly sound of the bell is an interesting and memorable experience. It is well maintained. The pagoda underwent several renovations over various dynastic periods, which resulted in the addition of several architectural features that were not … Take Metro Line 11 or Line 12 and get off at Longhua Station. L Longhua Pagoda‎ (47 F) Media in category "Longhua Temple" The following 63 files are in this category, out of 63 total. This cultural relic in Shanghai was first built in AD 242. Places of Interest in Shanghai: 12 Historical Sites to Explore, What to Do in Shanghai in December: 6 Places to Go, Top 10 Places for a Shanghai Visit in Winter​. I am staying in Yorpark Apartment, near Wuding Road. One of the LONGest interchanges. The Longhua Temple can be considered to be the main tourist attraction in the Longhua Tourist City. From the entrance or Shanmen, the buildings are: The Maitreya Hall housing a statue of Maitreya buddha and another in his manifestation as "Budai", or Cloth bag monk. Thanks. Viewing of the peach blossom in the Longhua gardens was an annual attraction for people in surrounding cities. Later in the Song dynasty, in 1064, it was renamed "Kongxiang Temple" (空相寺), but the original name "Longhua Temple" was restored in the Ming dynasty (1368–1644) during the reign of the Wanli Emperor (1573–1620). It is one of those places that if you only had 24 hours in Shanghai you must absolutely see, experience, and witness. Minimal entrance fee charged. 2.5km Grand Gateway Plaza Shopping Mall in Shanghai. This activity is popular among visitors from home and abroad. Dec 21, 2015 - Longhua Temple - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Address: No. The Evening Bell-Striking Ceremony on 31st December is regarded as one of the eight great attractions of Shanghai. You need a transport card (not a single ticket) for interchange. The Longhua Temple is the largest temple in Shanghai, and the pagoda is the only one in Shanghai that existed before modern times. One of the "Big 3" temples in the historic Wanhua district, the other two temples are Bangka Qingshui Temple (艋舺清水巖祖師廟) and Taipei Tianhou Temple (台北天后宮). The temple's extensive gardens have since been almost entirely absorbed into the neighboring Longhua Martyrs' Cemetery and have been extensively reconstructed in a contemporary monumental style. Plantilla:Citations missing The Longhua Temple (en chino: 龙华寺, pinyin: Lónghúa Sì, literally "Lustre of the Dragon Temple") is a Buddhist Temple dedicated to the Maitreya Buddha in Shanghai Municipality, China. On the outside, it is decorated with balconies, banisters, and upturned eaves. The Mahavira Hall is the main hall, housing statues of the historical Buddha (Shakyamuni) and two disciples. The layout of the temple is that of a Song dynasty monastery of the Buddhist Chan sect, known as the Sangharama Five-Hall Style. Its street address is No. Longhua Pagoda is an octagonal wood and brick pagoda located in Xuhui District, Shanghai, China. Next to the pagoda is the Longhua Temple. This category has only the following subcategory. The pagoda consists of a hollow, tube-like brick core surrounded by a wooden staircase. A venerable copper bell which is two meters in height, one point three meters in diameter and weighs five tons (11,023 pounds) is placed on the three-storied Bell Tower. Since its inception, the fair has been an annual event interrupted only by the Cultural Revolution and the SARS outbreak. which temple in Shanghai is better to visit? Can anyone guide me? It coincides with the blossoming of the peach trees in Longhua Park. Artworks in the temple include statues of the Maitreya Buddha in his Bodhisattva form and in his Cloth Bag Monk incarnation, statues of the Eighteen Arhats and 20 Guardians of Buddhist Law, as well as statues of the 500 arhats. English: Longhua Temple — 10th-century Song Dynasty Buddhist temple in Shanghai. Near the entrance of the temple is a bell tower, whose 3.3-ton bronze bell is struck 108 times every New Year’s Eve to bring good fortune to the world. It’s historical. The Longhua Temple is located on the Longhua area (formerly Longhua township) of Shanghai (named after the temple). Book your tickets online for Longhua Temple, Shanghai: See 536 reviews, articles, and 760 photos of Longhua Temple, ranked No.17 on Tripadvisor among 1,349 attractions in Shanghai. It is open to the public for a fee (10 RMB) which includes incense. Longhua Temple is a spiritual place. 2853 Longhua Road (Longhua Lu). The Maitreya Hall of this temple complex houses Maitreya Buddha. Things to do near Longhua Temple on Tripadvisor: See 262,188 reviews and 50,061 candid photos of things to do near Longhua Temple in Shanghai, Shanghai Region. 2.7km St. Ignatius Cathedral 聖依納爵主教座堂 Church in Shanghai. It has a main south to north axis along which five of the buildings are located. 4.9km China pavilion at Expo 2010 中国国家馆 Museum in Shanghai. The whole courtyard was built strictly in the style of traditional Buddhist symmetry and it's in accordance with the Chinese concept of beauty. In order, the five buildings are the Maitreya Hall (Mile Dian), the Emperor of Heaven Hall (Tianwang Dian), the Grand Hall of the Great Sage (Daxiong Baodian), the Three Sages Hall (Sansheng Dian), and the Abbot's Hall (Fangzhang Shi). The tallest structure is the Longhua Pagoda which stands 40.4 meters (132 ft 7 in) high. Longhua Temple Shanghai- Explore about Longhua Temple in Shanghai Facts, Location, reviews, history of Longhua Temple Shanghai, how to reach Longhua Temple Shanghai, China at ixigo trip planner. At the back of the hall is a bas-relief carving, including a depiction of Guanyin, or the Bodhisattva Avalokiteśvara in his female manifestation. It occupies an area of over 20,000 square meters (five acres) and the architectural proportion is about 5,000 square meters (one point two acres). In the present period, the temple complex also houses some of the present-day buildings. The current structures are from the end of the 19th century. The Longhua Temple is a Buddhist religious complex located in Shanghai, China. It’s an art historian paradise. Entrance is free, but donations to maintain the upkeep of the temple are accepted. Across Longhua Lu, the Martyrs Cemetery stands in stark contrast to the peaceful Buddhist shrine.During the 1920s and 30s, the Kuomintang, which then ruled China, imprisoned and executed hundreds of communist sympathizers on what used to be part of the temple’s gardens. [1], Although previous pagodas existed on the same site, the current brick base and body of the pagoda was built in 977 under the Wuyue kingdome (907–978), with continuous renovations of its more fragile wooden components on the exterior. The main attraction of this area is the Longhua Temple from which the area takes its place. It’s an art historian paradise. It’s historical. Do you refer to Wuding Road in Jing'an District? Although most of the present-day buildings date from later reconstructions, the temple preserves the architectural design of a Song dynasty monastery of the Chan School. The size of the seven stories decreases from bottom to top. Ballard in his World War II-era autobiographical novel Empire of the Sun describes the Japanese military use of the Longhua pagoda as a flak cannon tower. A small traditional garden remains immediately adjacent to the temple buildings. The Abbot's Hall (方丈室) is a place for lectures and formal meetings. Longhua Temple, Sight in Shanghai, China with the best reviews and photos for Longhua Temple. Longhua Temple - The Longhua Temple is a Buddhist Temple dedicated to the Maitreya Buddha located in Shanghai, China. Public executions were held on the site in the 20th century. Like the function of the pagoda, the name of the temple also has its origin in a local legend according to which a dragon once appeared on the site.[1]. It is one of those places that if you only had 24 hours in Shanghai you must absolutely see, experience, and witness. The Longhua Temple Fair has been held since the Ming dynasty annually on the third day of the third month of the Lunar Calendar, when - according to local legend - the dragons visit the temple to help grant the people's wishes. Download all free or royalty-free photos and vectors. Longhua Temple is a spiritual place. Do they strike the bell for chinese new year in Longhua Temple? In Steven Spielberg's film adaptation of the book, the pagoda is clearly visible above the prison camp. The Longhua temple complex is an ancient temple complex of Shanghai. Five main halls are arranged along a central north-south pointing axis. 5km Mercedes-Benz Arena 梅赛德斯-奔驰文化中心 Stadium in Shanghai Introduction The Longhua Temple is located on the Longhua area (formerly Longhua township) of Shanghai. It occupies an area of over 20,000 square meters (five acres) and the architectural proportion is … The present architectural design follows the Song dynasty (960–1279) original. Your Longhua Temple stock images are ready. A modern restoration of the entire temple complex was carried out in 1954. Thousands of victims of this purge were brought to the temple grounds to be executed. I am planning to visit Longhua Temple and Zhujiajio Ancient Town. Yes, there will be bell striking activities. 龙华 lónghuá Longhua, name of numerous entities 寺庙 sìmiào Temple; shrine There's few temples as big as the Longhua in Shanghai, mainly due to the fact that it's a very dense metropolitan city. This temple is a shining example of the style of architecture that rose to prominence under the Long Dynasty and the construction of the temple reflects the sensibilities of the Buddhist Chan sect. Take exit 2 and walk along Longhua Road to a crossing. Easily accessible by Metro. Does anybody know what time the famous DEC 31 bell ceremony takes place in Longhua Park? During the 19th Century, Longhua temple was the site of numerous public executions. This temple complex is widely regarded as the most complete, largest and most authentic spiritual temple complex in Shanghai. If yes, what day and time will be? Subcategories. Built in 242 AD, it is the oldest temple in Shanghai with a long history of over 1700 years. You have leave the station to get onto another line. The Longhua Pagoda is best well-known of the 16 historic pagodas that still stand within the Shanghai municipality. It was held in dec.31st,2015 accordign to the solor calendar, about 23:00 to 01:00 (next day). The seven-storied, 40.4 meters high Longhua Pagoda stands in front of the Longhua Temple, the brick body and the wooden staircases make up its main structure. First built in 242 AD, which is during the period of the Three Kingdoms, Longhua Temple is the oldest temple in Shanghai for its long history of over 1,700 years. Visitors are not allowed to climb it, but may recognise it from Steven Spielberg's Empire of the Sun. The Bell Tower houses a copper bell cast in 1382, the bell is 2-meter (6 ft 7 in) tall, has a maximum diameter of 1.3-meter (4 ft 3 in), and weighs 5,000-kilogram (11,000 lb). The Three Sages Hall (三聖殿) houses statues of the Amitabha buddha, and the Bodhisattvas Avalokiteśvara (male form) and Mahāsthāmaprāpta. Longhua Temple. The temple grounds have been used as a site for internment as well as for executions. Take bus 41, 44, 56, 87, 104, 120, 144, 166, 167, 178, 301, 326, 342, 714, 720, 733, 734, 770, 809, 824, 831, 864, 932, 933, 956, or 957 and get off at Longhua Station.Shanghai Bus / Metro Search, Questions & Answers on Longhua Pagoda & Longhua Temple. Although most of the present day buildings date from later reconstructions, the temple preserves the architectural design of a Song dynasty (960–1279) monastery of the Chan School. Along with the… In chinese lunar spring festival, there is no such activity. There are lots of wonderful performances during the period of Chinese New Year. The oldest temple in Shanghai, it is rumored to have been founded during the Three Kingdoms period (AD221-280) but more likely it was built during AD923-AD979. Then turn north and walk along West Longhua Road. Or two singles cards, because first you need to exit then walk for … Longhua Temple, Shanghai Overview Longhua is a Buddhist temple on the street of the same name and is also Shanghai's largest and oldest temple, tracing itÍs roots back to 242 AD. Most of the temple 's architectural structures were built during the period of Song dynasty. Is it possible to cover the Temple and the Ancient Town in the same day? [1], The temple was first built in 242 AD, during the Three Kingdoms Period (220–165). But you can go to there earlier, maybe in 23:00 in case of missing the beginning. The Longhua Temple occupies an area of more than 20,000 square meters (215,000 sq ft) and the main axis of the compound is 194 meters (636 ft) long. Copyright © 1998-2021 All rights reserved. In 1927, the Kuomintang carried out a purge of suspected communists in Shanghai. The garden is now a part of neighboring Longhua Martyrs Cemetery. Bells on each corner of the octagonal eaves make cheerful and lively sounds as the wind passes by. These outer decorations have been reconstructed in keeping with the original style. Although most of the present-day buildings date from later reconstructions, the temple It is well maintained. It’s sacred. If not where else in the city? 2853 Longhua Road (Longhua Lu), which is the oldest, largest and most majestic Buddhist building in the lower reaches of the Yangtze River Delta. Located at No. It has an octagonal floor layout. 中文: 龙华寺 (上海). Along the 194 meters long (637 feet) axis are the Maitreya Hall (Miledian), Devajara Hall (Tianwangdian), Mahavira Hall (Daxiongbaodian), Three Sages Hall (Sanshengdian), Abbot's Hall (Fangzhangshi) and the Sutras Keeping Hall (Cangjinglou) which keeps the three treasures of the temple including the Dazang sutras, the gold seals and the Buddhist statues. Because of the several destructions by the wars, most of the buildings here were reconstructed during the reign of the Emperor Tongzhi and Guangxu in the Qing Dynasty. It is the largest, most authentic and complete ancient temple complex in the city of Shanghai. They are commemorated today by the Longhua Martyrs Cemetery behind the temple. Longhua Temple The Longhua Temple (, literally "Lustre of the Dragon Temple") is a Buddhist Temple dedicated to the Maitreya Buddha located in Shanghai, China. A Bell Tower and a Drum Tower are arranged off the central axis. [citation needed], Learn how and when to remove this template message, Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society Hong Kong Branch, short article in "The Economist" (site history), Longhua Monastery, Architectura Sinica Site Archive, National Key Buddhist Temples in Han Chinese Area, Template:Venerable Master of the Buddhist Association of China, Standard Design for Buddhist Temple Construction, First National Congress of the Chinese Communist Party, Shanghai Urban Planning Exhibition Center, Shanghai University of Finance and Economics, Shanghai International Studies University, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Longhua_Temple&oldid=994436923, Major National Historical and Cultural Sites in Shanghai, Articles needing additional references from January 2010, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing traditional Chinese-language text, Articles containing simplified Chinese-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2010, Articles with unsourced statements from December 2015, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 December 2020, at 18:44. The Longhua Temple occupies an area of more than 20,000 square meters (215,000 sq ft) and the main axis of the compound is 194 meters (636 ft) long. Accessory halls on the two sides are the Bell Tower and the Drum Tower, both of them are furnished with the same hexagonal windows and the curved eaves. Longhua or Jing'an temple? The bell is used in the Evening Bell-Striking Ceremony conducted on New Year's Eve. Front portion are arranged along a central north-south pointing axis temple entrance rises the seven-storey, 44m-high Pagoda! Transport card ( not a single ticket ) for interchange to 01:00 ( day. Road to a crossing this area is the largest temple in Shanghai complex in.. Shakyamuni ) and Mahāsthāmaprāpta for a fee ( 10 RMB ) which incense. Blossoming of the peach blossom in the 20th century oldest and largest temple in Shanghai, China Road, District! Houses various versions of sutras and other Buddhist works, as well as ceremonial instruments antiques. 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