electrical stunning of cattle

Cattle are normally stunned electrically by three sequential cycles, first a three-second head-only cycle, to stun the animal, secondly a 15-second cardiac cycle, to induce ventricular fibrillation (cardiac arrest), and thirdly a four-second discharge cycle, to reduce convulsions after death. Jones PN(1), Shaw FD, King NL. Sheep-penetrating captive bolt, gunshot, or electric stunning with sharp pin electrodes or electrodes soaked in brine to insure electrical contact through the wool. The purpose of such a plan should be to maintain good level of animal welfare at all stages of the handling of animals until they are killed. Stunning by Using Mechanical Devices. An electrical stunning device (applied to the head only) must pass sufficient current through the brain of the animal to interrupt normal brain activity and render the animal immediately unconscious. The effects of electrical and percussive captive bolt stunning both on initial and up to 14 days post mortem meat quality of Friesian young bulls were studied. Captive-bolt stunning equipment has also been developed for poultry; information on captive-bolt stunning of poultry can be found in Get a 17.000 second after the electrical stunning that stock footage at 60fps. The processes during on-farm killing that were assessed included handling and moving, stunning and/or killing methods (including restraint). Current passing through the brain induces an immediate but non-fatal general convulsion that produces unconsciousness.Current passing through the heart produces an immediate cardiac arrest that also leads shortly to unconsciousness and death. Read "Changes in blood parameters and electroencephalogram of cattle as affected by different stunning and slaughter methods in cattle, Animal Production Science" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips. Meat Science. The Time for the EEG to Fall Below 10/xV is Based on M a x i m u m Ampl i tude Waves. “The best way to stun or kill cattle.” Fast, completes stunning procedure in a few seconds; Economical to operate, plus rugged construction ensures long service life; Designed for Halal stunning as well as a traditional knocking box Cattle should be shot at the cross-point of two imaginary lines from the rear corners of the eyes to the opposite horn buds. Guidelines for Stunning Techniques of Mammalian Food Animals 1. Different equipments used in elecrtrical stunning. Humane Slaughter Association, UK. at 300 to 600 volts with 1 to 3 second application time. The Jarvis electric stun box for humane cattle stunning. Electrical stunning Electro-anaesthesia A special method of electro-anaesthesia is widely used for the stunning of slaughter animals. 89:1412-1418. Cattle behaviour: methods for improving the movement of cattle into a stunning pen and the implications for the use of electrical goads MSc Project University of Bristol Division of Farm Animal Science Langford Bristol BS40 5DU UK Submitted September 2011 Bethan Jones Moving and handling animals 1. Choose from a wide range of similar … TABLE 1 E E G Characterist ics of Sheep after a T h r o a t Cut, a Head-Only Stun Followed by Recovery, a Head-Only Stun Followed by a T h r o a t Cut and a Head- to-Back Stun. The slaughtering of swine, sheep, calves , cattle, and goats with the use of electric current and the handling in connection therewith, in compliance with the provisions contained in this section, are hereby designated and approved as humane methods of slaughtering and handling of such animals under the Act . As electrical stunning (for sheep) and percussion stunning (of cattle) doesn't injure the animal — stunning is part of acceptable ritual slaughter in Australia both for domestic consumption and export. In India a subspecies of the Auroch was domesticated to give rise to cattle with the characteristic hump and dewlap – Bos indicus or zebu type Cattle 1.1 Mechanical ; 1.2 Electrical ; 1.1 Mechanical . Electrical stunning. II. Vogel, K.D. Electrical stunning of sheep. Following a favourable opinion of the European Food Safety Authority on low atmospheric pressure system for the stunning of broiler chickens (chickens kept for meat production) Annexes I and II to Council Regulation (EC) No 1099/2009 have been amended by Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/723 as regards the approval of low atmospheric pressure stunning. The plan This method involves stunning … death (including slaughtering without stunning), were grouped into three main phases: pre-stunning (including arrival, unloading from the truck, lairage, handling and moving of cattle); stunning (including restraint); and bleeding. Electrical stunning of redmeat animals. Electrical stunning of cattle has become popular in recent years and is the chosen method in New Zealand where Jarvis stunning system that is incorporated in a restraining box is used. 2007; 114(4):136-9 (ISSN: 0341-6593). 6:123-135. Stunning . The first group (NS; n =10) were slaughtered without stunning under Turkish slaughter procedure (these animals were slaughtered under conditions acceptable to the appropriate ethics committee) in a modern abattoir. General considerations Each slaughterhouse/abattoir should have a dedicated plan for animal welfare. The stunning method is based on the induction of a general epileptiform insult (grand mal or seizure-like state) by the flow of an electrical current through the brains. Most Halal slaughterhouses in North America also use some form Cattle. Electrical stunning of cattle and sheep. 4. HSA. Temple Grandin explains the behavior principles for humane slaughter and good animal welfare during captive bolt stunning in beef slaughter plants. Maurer B; Forster S. For disease control in the case of epidemics killing of cattle via electrical stunning is a method of choice. 1. 4K and HD video ready for any NLE immediately. Typical Signs of Unconsciousness due to stunning. Advantages of electrical stunning. restraint, stunning, slaughter or kill ing. The killing methods were grouped into mechanical and electrical methods as well as lethal injection. 5 s duration derived from the pre-and the post-stun EEG signals were compared for differences in scale and frequency. electrical stunning of cattle and sheep Electrical stunning of cattle Not proved entirely satisfactory anaesthesia, due to the insulating effect of the fine hairs on the head of the animal, although continental authorities have found it satisfactory. (Cl. Heretofore in the electrical stunning of animals the current has been applied by means of tongs having electrodes on their inner ends which are forced against the animal by a closing action and require both hands of the manipulator. It is an established fact that the majority of conventional meat slaughterhouses in North America use some form of stunning to subdue and immobilize the animal before the slaughter. There are different types of stunning used for different species including turkeys, chickens, lamb, and cattle. Training in Motivational Interviewing improves cattle veterinarians´ communication skills in veterinary herd health management. 17-1) This invention relates to the electrical stunning of animals, particularly large animals, such as hogs, sheep and cattle, prior to slaughtering. et al, 2010. Meat Science, 01 Jan 1988, 22(4): 255-265 DOI: 10.1016/0309-1740(88)90065-4 AGR: IND88065114 . -electric stunning minimum of 1.25 amps. [ citation needed ] Current is applied either across the brain or the heart to render the animal unconscious before being killed. § 313.30 Electrical; stunning or slaughtering with electric current. Electrical stunning (or electronarcosis) is reversible as it disrupts normal brain function for a short time only. In total, 21 Data are Given as a Mean + SD for Representat ive Pre- and Post -Stun Ampli tudes. Electrical stunning, also known as electronarcosis, was initially developed in France and Germany in the late 1920s, for use on cattle, sheep, pigs, calves and horses. You cannot use this method of simple stunning on cattle. View This Abstract Online [Killing of cattle via electrical stunning]. Market weight pigs (180-250 lb; 80-112 kg.] Meat Science. the captive-bolt is used mainly for stunning cattle, sheep and goats, it is also employed to a lesser extent for pigs, horses and farmed deer. Electrical (stunning or slaughtering with electric current known as electronarcosis) This method is used for swine , sheep , calves , cattle , and goats . Different types of electrical stunning systems. Dtsch Tierarztl Wochenschr. Head only followed by cardiac arrest electrical stunning is an effective alternative to head only electrical stunning in pigs. In the UK a few meat plants in England, Scotland and Northern Ireland also installed this Electrical stunning can be placed on the head only, on the head to the back or on the head to the brisket. Jones PN, Shaw FD, King NL. Today electrical stun boxes operate in export slaughter plants throughout New Zealand. Electrical Beef Stunner. Ritual Methods of Slaughter. Cattle, especially mature males with horns, have very thick frontal bones overlaying the brain. Stunning methods were grouped into two categories: mechanical and electrical. Important factors: Handling and restraint facilities should be appropriate to avoid movement of cattle during stunning. Electrical stunning is done by sending an electric current through the brain and/or heart of the animal before slaughter. The Auroch are thought to have been domesticated about 9000 years ago. Protect cattle welfare in head-to-body electrical stunning FDQ – D/615/2963 – A22 Version 3.0 – 16/08/2018 3 Outline how to recognise signs of: effective stunning ineffective stunning recovery consciousness 4 State the action to be taken if stunning equipment is not … Handler movement pattern to move cattle forward Article 7.5.2. The comparison of electroencephalograms recorded before and after electrical stunning of cattle. The electrical stunning (head only) immediately followed by bleeding is an alternative to ritual slaughter without prior stunning. The reversible stun is utilised on the vast majority of slaughtered cattle. Author information: (1)CSIRO, Division of Mathematics and Statistics, Cunningham Laboratory, 306 Carmody Road, St. Lucia, Queensland, 4067, Australia. Lambooy, E. 1982. Cattle are more commonly immobilized using concussive stunning methods and hogs are immobilized generally with electricity, but also CO 2 stunning is used in some countries. heavy Zebu or Brahman cattle only. Monitor electrical stunning. The comparison of electroencephalograms recorded before and after electrical stunning of cattle. Cattle originate from the Auroch (Bos primigenius) which inhabited Europe and large parts of Asia and North Africa. Research output: Contribution to journal › Article associated with the on-farm killing of cattle. 2013. It is recommended that electrical stunning be used for adult pigs, because of the bone and sinus development. Stun is utilised on the head to the back or on the head only electrical stunning be used the. Stun boxes operate in export slaughter plants electrical stunning of poultry can be found in electrical Beef.. Forster S. for disease control in the case of epidemics killing of cattle via stunning... 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